Installing Kali On Hard Disk using usb

Installing Kali On Hard Disk using usb

Booting and installing Kali from a USB stick is the easiest and fastest method of getting up and running. In order to do this, we first need to create the Kali ISO image on a USB drive. 

Preparing for the USB copy

  1. Download Kali linux.
  2. If running Windows, download Win32 Disk Imager.
  3. No special software is needed for a *nix OS.
  4. A USB Key (at least 2GB capacity).

Kali Linux Live USB Install Procedure

Imaging Kali on a Windows Machine

  1. Plug your USB stick into your Windows USB port and launch the Win32 Disk Imager software
  2. Choose the Kali Linux ISO file to be imaged and verify that the USB drive to be overwritten is the correct one.
  3. kali-usb-install-windows
    Installing Kali On Hard Disk using usb
  4. Once the imaging is complete, safely eject the USB drive from the Windows machine. You can now use the USB device to boot into Kali Linux.
If you just want to use Kali live, you can stop right here. Reboot and press F-12 or whatever shows up the multiboot menu, select the USB drive and run kali live.

Imaging Kali on a Linux Machine

Creating a bootable Kali Linux USB key in a Linux environment is easy. Once you’ve downloaded your Kali ISO file, you can use dd to copy it over to your USB stick as follows:
WARNING. Although the process of imaging Kali on a USB stick is very easy, you can just as easily destroy arbitrary partitions with dd if you do not understand what you are doing. 
In other words, you can completely mess up your hard drive to a state from which repair would required professional help. You have been warned.
  1. Plug in your USB device to your Linux computer’s USB port.
  2. Verify the device path of your USB storage with dmesg.
  3. Proceed to (carefully!) image the Kali ISO file on the USB device:
 dd if=kali.iso of=/dev/sdb bs=512k
That’s it, really! You can now boot into a Kali Live / Installer environment using the USB device.

Adding Persistence to Your Kali Live USB

Adding persistence (the ability to save files and changes across live boots) to your Kali Linux image can be very useful in certain situations. To make your Kali Linux USB stick persistent, follow these steps. In this example, we assume our USB drive is /dev/sdb. If you want to add persistence, you’ll need a larger USB device than we listed in our prerequisites above.
  1. Image the Kali Linux ISO to your USB stick as explained above, using the “Linux Method” and dd.
  2. Create and format an additional partition on the USB stick. In our example, we usegparted by invoking: 

     gparted /dev/sdb
  3. Your current partitioning scheme should look similar to this: 
    Installing Kali On Hard Disk using usb
  4. Proceed to format a new partition of your desired size to be used for persistence. In our example, we used all the remaining space available. Make sure the volume label of the newly created partition is persistence, and format it using the ext4 filesystem.
    Installing Kali On Hard Disk using usb
  5. Once the process is complete, mount your persistence USB partition using the following commands:

     mkdir /mnt/usb
     mount /dev/sdb2 /mnt/usb
     echo "/ union" >> /mnt/usb/persistence.conf
     umount /mnt/usb
  6. Plug the USB stick into the computer you want to boot up. Make sure your BIOS is set to boot from your USB device. When the Kali Linux boot screen is displayed, select “Live boot” from the menu (don’t press enter), and press the tab button. This will allow you to edit the boot parameters. Add the word “persistence” to the end of the boot parameter line each time you want to mount your persistent storage. 
    Installing Kali On Hard Disk using usb
Installing Kali On Hard Disk using usb Installing Kali On Hard Disk using usb Reviewed by Taqi Khan on December 22, 2017 Rating: 5
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